Acanthus montanus Nees T. It is a native of West Africa and has been introduced to the rest of the world as an ornamental plant. In Malaysia it has become feral and seems to colonise riverside areas in the North-west of Peninsular Malaysia. It is an erect, prickly perennial that can grow up to 2m tall. The stem is stout woody and sparsely branching.

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Volume 1, Families A—D. African traditional medicine: a dictionary of plant use and applications. Medpharm Scientific, Stuttgart, Germany. Pharmaceutical Biology 41 5 : — Les plantes utiles du Gabon. Paul Lechevalier, Paris, France.

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Acanthus montanus T.Anderson

Background: Acanthus montanus Nees T. It is used in African traditional medicine for the treatment of urogenital infections, urethral pain, endometritis, urinary disease, cystitis, leucorrhoea, aches and pains. In southeastern Nigeria, the root is popular and acclaimed highly effective in the treatment of furuncles. This study was undertaken to experimentally evaluate the antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties of the root extract as well as its effect on phagocytosis and specific cell-mediated immune response which may underlie the usefulness of the roots in treatment of furuncles. Methods: The aqueous root extract obtained by hot water maceration of the root powder was studied for effects on the growth of clinically isolated strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus.


Botany Acanthus montanus is plant growing to a height of 1. Leaves are shallow to deeply lobed, toothed with short spines, dark glossy green above and pale green below. Flowers are pink to reddish in long erect spikes. Distribution - Recently introduced to the Philippines. Constituents - Phytochemica l screening of root extract yielded an abundance of alkaloids and carbohydrates, with traces of saponins, glycosides and terpenoids. Properties - Studies have suggested antimicrobial, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, immunomodulatory, hepatoprotective, antifertility, fetotoxic, relaxant, anthelmintic, mosquitocidal properties.


Gardening Help Search. Winter hardy to USDA Zones where it may be grown in fertile, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Plants tolerate a wide range of soils except poorly-drained ones. Plants may not flower well in too much shade. Remove flowering stalks after bloom. Plants are evergreen in warm winter locations, but leaves will show considerable damage in colder winters near the northern edge of the growing range.

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