These key drivers were kept in the forefront as the team of engineers, pilots, and human factors experts took the initial flight deck concepts from paper layouts, to foam and cardboard ergonomic mockups, to functional prototype simulators, to final validation in full-scale hardware flight simulators. Throughout the process, the design decisions and prototypes were shared with customer pilots and regulators for their input to help ensure that the key design drivers were properly balanced. As a result of these efforts, the flight deck incorporates a number of innovative features that offer opportunities for airlines to save money and enhance their competitiveness while maintaining operational commonality with the This article describes the flight deck and how its design can help improve airline operations.
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These key drivers were kept in the forefront as the team of engineers, pilots, and human factors experts took the initial flight deck concepts from paper layouts, to foam and cardboard ergonomic mockups, to functional prototype simulators, to final validation in full-scale hardware flight simulators.
Throughout the process, the design decisions and prototypes were shared with customer pilots and regulators for their input to help ensure that the key design drivers were properly balanced. As a result of these efforts, the flight deck incorporates a number of innovative features that offer opportunities for airlines to save money and enhance their competitiveness while maintaining operational commonality with the This article describes the flight deck and how its design can help improve airline operations.
The advanced flight deck leverages state-of-the-art technology to improve operational capabilities and provide flight crews with a clean, simplified look and feel see fig. The flight deck integrates new technologies while maintaining a significant amount of commonality with other Boeing airplanes, especially the Familiar Boeing controls, displays, and procedures all support shorter transition periods to the from other Boeing family members and enable economical mixed-fleet flying.
The flight deck is designed for comfort, safety, efficiency, and commonality with the One of the design goals was the ability to fly point to point to any runway end without the aid of ground navigation aids, and to do so with more flight crew situational awareness.
By integrating dual global positioning system receivers with triple-redundant flight management systems, providing enhanced, simplified flight crew approach capability using the integrated approach navigation concept introduced on the Next-Generation , and including this information on the dual head-up displays HUDs , the offers the capability to reliably perform required navigation performance RNP procedures far into the future, improving operational efficiency.
Other advanced features include communications and datalink capabilities that extend the integrated future air navigation system design introduced on the , ensuring access to any airspace and providing a platform for operating in future Next Generation Air Transportation System and Single European Sky Air Traffic Management environments while retaining a consistent Boeing flight deck operational philosophy.
Two identical integrated surveillance systems provide reliable weather radar, transponder, traffic collision avoidance system, and ground proximity functionality. This redundancy improves dispatch safety and reliability and also provides a platform for growth to support future air traffic initiatives, such as Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast ADS-B. The total number of parts in the flight deck has been reduced compared to other airplanes. The three tuning control panels located in the flight deck aisle stand were developed for the and replace functionality that previously would have required several independent control panels.
This consolidates crew interface functionality for communication and surveillance systems, reducing the number of unique aisle stand panels and increasing backup capability. An electronic version of the control display unit CDU interface for flight planning functions has eliminated large and costly hardware multifunction control and display units from the flight deck while maintaining the user interface look and feel familiar to pilots of previous models.
Remote power distribution allows for the use of electronic circuit breakers, eliminating hundreds of physical circuit breakers from the flight deck. Flight crew awareness of system state is enhanced with visual information on every circuit interruption device, including those remotely located, via multifunction display MFD screens. The reduction in parts and improved design means lower operating costs and higher reliability.
For example, the requires just 13 line replaceable units LRUs to provide a full complement of flight deck display, communication, navigation, and surveillance capability. By design, future regulatory requirements and technology growth in areas such as communication, navigation, surveillance, and air traffic management will be easier to incorporate into the flight deck.
The comfort of the pilots who will operate the for decades to come was also a consideration of the design team. The pilot seats are designed to improve comfort, with additional adjustment capability. Large multifunction displays. The displays provide more than twice the area as those used on the , giving pilots more information and significant flexibility to tailor the display layout to their needs for each phase of flight.
Standard features include an airport taxi map integrated into the forward navigation display, which enhances ground taxi safety and is a platform for future capability such as the display of ADS-B ground traffic in the airport environment. The lower portion of the auxiliary display is reserved for important datalink messages, such as controller-pilot datalink communications and digital automated terminal information.
The three central MFDs can be split into independent formats or can be configured to provide a single large map. In addition to the navigation map, MFD formats include synoptic displays showing the state of major airplane systems, smart electronic checklists that integrate with airplane systems, an electronic CDU interface to flight management, and an area reserved for future growth.
By consolidating numerous features, the large displays help reduce production and spares costs. Dual electronic flight bags EFBs. Other airplane avionics, the flight management computer, communications, and flight deck printer all work with the EFBs.
The EFBs enable significant reductions in the amount of flight deck paper by providing a standard software suite. This suite contains information such as maps, charts, manuals, onboard maintenance functions, a performance tool, and a document browser, which can all be updated wirelessly or with a maintenance laptop.
It also allows takeoff-performance calculations to be made in real time and transmitted to the flight management computers. Dual EFBs are standard on the Dual head-up displays. It displays flight information so pilots can look outside the flight deck, scanning for traffic or flying an approach, and simultaneously view primary flight instruments. The dual HUDs enhance safety in all phases of flight, in both good or poor visibility.
HUDs also enable lower visibility takeoff minimums by integrating with the navigation radios and flight management system to provide low visibility takeoff runway centerline guidance. Operational commonality is the similarity between airplanes in operating procedures, checklists, and flight crew interfaces. Commonality simplifies training and can decrease airline operating costs. In the flight deck, commonality is created partly through the locations of displays, switches, and controls.
One of the most notable decisions was to retain the traditional wheel-and-column pilot controls. Although the team studied other control mechanisms, including a side stick, a thorough analysis determined that the wheel-and-column arrangement provides the feedback and situational awareness pilots need to make and execute decisions during critical periods. On the , the wheel-and-column controllers:. Advanced systems also help ensure that the feel of the airplanes is the same. The digitally re-creates the feel and functionality of the , but takes advantage of innovations in fly-by-wire flight controls to reduce weight and improve performance.
New functionality such as gust suppression helps create a smoother ride without changing the way the pilot operates the airplane.
This approach allows the airplane to offer improvements in comfort and efficiency with minimal impact on flight deck procedures, reducing crew training costs in transitioning from other models of the Boeing fleet. The advantage of commonality is particularly evident in the reduced Boeing training courses needed for pilots to be qualified as pilots.
Pilots of s and s will need only eight days of training. The flight deck on the new has been designed to balance innovation, cost, and operational commonality with previous Boeing airplane models. For more information, please contact Randy Neville. The flight deck of the new Dreamliner introduces new technologies to help pilots work more efficiently and safely while maintaining significant operational commonality with previous generations of Boeing airplanes.
Advanced flight deck technologies The advanced flight deck leverages state-of-the-art technology to improve operational capabilities and provide flight crews with a clean, simplified look and feel see fig. Figure 1: The flight deck The flight deck is designed for comfort, safety, efficiency, and commonality with the All rights reserved.
How To Study The Boeing 787 Manuals
Prenez votre apprentissage au prochain niveau. Since the first delivery of the first in July over airframes have been delivered. Exterior Inspection 2. Now both on Android and iOS. This assumes that you have gotten the official manuals FCOM.
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