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Lebih dari sekadar dokumen. Mulai Coba Gratis Batalkan kapan saja. Diunggah oleh Eman Elturki. Informasi Dokumen klik untuk memperluas informasi dokumen Deskripsi: The innatist theory is mainly concerned with first language acquisition. It asserts that human have access to the knowledge that is processed innately. One of its main pioneers is Naom Chomsky. His theory came shortly after Skinner's theory of Behaviorism.
He argued that if children learn language by imitation, why do they say things have never heard before? Data diunggah Oct 02, Apakah menurut Anda dokumen ini bermanfaat? Apakah konten ini tidak pantas? Laporkan Dokumen Ini. Deskripsi: The innatist theory is mainly concerned with first language acquisition.
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Chomsky hypothesizes that infants must be born with some special built-in ability to learn language. This device contains the main rules for all possible human languages. Chomsky called this set of common rules Universal Grammar UG. Infants universally possess an innate 'grammar template' or universal grammar that allows them to select out the many grammatical rules of the language they hear spoken around them, they gradually construct the grammar of their own native language.
It suggests the children construct grammar through a process of hypothesis test. For example, the past tense of verbs are formed by adding —ed, so a child says "goed". Eventually children revise their hypothesis to accommodate exception of the past tense of irregular verbs.
Children create sentences by using rules rather than by merely repeating what they have heard. It consists of five hypotheses. The first, Acquisition- Learning hypothesis, states that children acquire their L1 naturally from the world around them; accordingly, in order for students to acquire L2, teachers must focus on communication rather on the memorization of rules.
The second hypothesis, the Monitor hypothesis, sees that L2 learners could use their Monitor to check the language they producing. The third is the Natural Order hypothesis which states that the rules of the L2 grammatical system are learned in a specific natural order.
That is, all learners pass through the same natural or order of acquisition; a preproduction or the silent period- no words, b early production- one-to-two word sentences, c speech emergence- three-to-four word sentences, d and intermediate fluency- errors are developmental and students will outgrow them as they are exposed to what is appropriate or correct.
The fourth is the Input hypothesis which claims that for acquisition to take place learners must be presented with comprehensible input, i. The final hypothesis in Krashen's theory is the Affective Filter hypothesis. It states that the most important affective variable favoring second language acquisition are student's motivation to learn the language, a low anxiety learning environment, self-confidence, and self-esteem.
To sum up, the innatist theory proposes that the ability to learn language is inborn, that the nature is more important than nurture and that experience using language is only necessary in order to activate the LAD. However, one problem with Chomsky's theory is that it does not take enough account of the influence that thought cognition and language have on each other's development.
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The Innatist Theory: A Brief Overview
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Tanvir's Blog. February 3, The Innate Theory. Written by Tanvir Shameem February 03, Macquarie University. Tags : chomsky elt innate theory innatism lad language language learning theories universal grammar. Tanvir Shameem.