IQTIDA AL SIRAT AL MUSTAQEEM PDF

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Islamic Creed 5, Views. Praise be to All a h , the Lord of the Worlds, to Whom belongs the endowments and generosities and Whom we commend out of exaltation. Ar-Ra h m a n is one of the Names of All a h ; it means the One attributed with plenty of mercy for the believers and the blasphemers in this world and for the believers in the Hereafter. The name ar-Ra hi m is another name of All a h ; it means the One Who has plenty of mercy for the believers.

It means this is a text elucidating the straight path of truth. All a h, the Exalted, said in S u rat al- H ashr , This a yah means: [O you who believe, be Godfearing and let every soul thoroughly consider what it has prepared of good deeds for the morrow the Hereafter and be Godfearing, for All a h absolutely knows about your doings.

What benefits one in the Hereafter is to be Godfearing. One who is Godfearing performs the obligations and avoids the prohibitions. Acquiring the knowledge of the religion is part of the obligations. A slave can never attain Godfearingness unless he learns what All a h has made obligatory upon the him to learn of His Religion.

Without this knowledge, no matter how much one strives and endeavors in worship, one will not be Godfearing. Nowadays, most of the sufi-claimers do not seek the satisfactory level of the religious knowledge. They lean toward exaggeration in mentioning All a h ; they do not, as such, become righteous even if they accompany and serve righteous people—unless they learn and strive in applying accordingly. Those who eventually learn among them are under the care of All a h.

For those who elect to adhere to their ignorance and think they will become righteous by mentioning All a h and accompanying the righteous people are only deceiving themselves.

The verse above presents the proof that the slave should thoroughly look into what one has prepared for the morrow, i.

This world is the abode of performance of deeds and is coming to an end; the Hereafter is the abode of reaping the results reward or punishment of the deeds and is advancing toward everlastingness; the Hereafter is the abode of settling the accounts of the performed deeds. So be among the people who prepare for the Hereafter and do not be among the people who prepare for this world.

Know that the greatest right of All a h upon His slaves is to clear Him from resemblance to the creation and to not associate anything with Him. Associating partners with All a h is the most enormous sin a slave can commit; it is the sin that All a h does not forgive but forgives what is lesser to whomsoever He willed.

The one who associates partners with All a h has committed the greatest sin ]. Knowing All a h while exclusively worshipping the utmost submission to Him is the greatest right of All a h upon His slaves.

The most enormous sin a slave commits is blasphemy. Blasphemy is of two kinds— blasphemy involving associating partners with All a h and blasphemy involving other than associating partners with Him.

Every association of partners with All a h is blasphemous but not every blasphemy is an association of partners with All a h. Henceforth, the greatest right of All a h upon His slaves is to worship Him and to not associate anything with Him.

All a h , the Exalted, informed that He forgives all sins for whomsoever He willed among His Muslim worshippers who do not liken All a h to the creations and who clear Him from non-befitting attributes so long as they avoid both kinds of blasphemy—associating partners with All a h by worshipping others or the blasphemy of other than associating partners with All a h , like belying the Messenger of All a h and belittling All a h or His messenger.

Hence, blasphemy in all of its kinds, is the one sin that All a h does not forgive for one; that is, for one who remains in it until death or until one is certain to die as in seeing the Angel of Death and the angels of torture or in the situation of definite drowning and the like, for this is annexed to death.

In conclusion, blasphemy is not forgiven except by one embracing Isl a m at the time it is still accepted from him. Therefore, if one embraces Isl a m after the acceptable time lapses, his doing so does not erase his blasphemy. Blasphemy is the most enormous of all sins, after which comes manslaughter that All a h forbade unless one is killed lawfully.

The saying of All a h in S u rah alBaqarah, 19 :. Likewise, all the kinds of blasphemy All a h does not forgive as He, the Exalted, stated in S u rah Mu h ammad, 34 :. This verse states that All a h will not forgive the one who dies while blasphemous. Death while engaged in blasphemy is a restriction for non forgiveness. However, this is not a sole restriction for the deprivation of forgiveness, rather the blasphemer is deprived from being forgiven whether or not he turned others away from embracing Isl a m.

The blasphemer who turns the people away from embracing Isl a m is more sinful than the blasphemer who does not. All the souls are created and formed by All a h and in that respect there is not a difference between one soul and another. All a h said in S u rah al-J a thiah, 13 :. The angels are dedicated to protect the sons of A dam and to do other things such as bringing the rain down and sending the wind, matters that benefit the sons of A dam , and to make supplications for the believers among the sons of A dam.

Paradise,is the abode of reward for the believers and Hellfire is the abode of punishment for the blasphemers. Im a m al-Bukh a riyy narrated another h ad i th :. The face body part is a form for mankind, angels, jinn, and animals. The Creator of the world is unlike them. To believe that no One is God except All a h alone is not sufficient—it must be joined with the belief that Mu h ammad is the Messenger of All a h.

Believing in both testifications is necessary for one to be saved from an everlasting torture in Hellfire. What is meant by the aforementioned h ad i th , and others like it which mention only the first testification No one is God except All a h is what includes the testification Mu h ammad is the messenger of All a h.

This is so because it is known within the religious norm that mentioning the first testification is inclusive of the second testification.. Hence, this h ad i th does not mean believing only in the first testification is sufficient for one to be saved from everlastingly torture in Hellfire. Verse 13 of S u rah al-Fat h presents the proof:.

This a yah means: [And whoever does not believe in All a h and His messenger, then surely we have prepared a fervid fire for the blasphemers.

Whoever imagined otherwise—it is a result of his own lack of comprehension and extreme ignorance. This is an elucidation of the meanings of both testifications of faith.

The meaning of no one is God except All a h , without details, is declaring while believing that no one deserves the status of Godhood except All a h. The blasphemers who associate partners with All a h , later on, used the term to refer to the thing they worshipped undeservingly.

Submitting means believing, because declaring alone without conviction is not sufficient. The knowledge combined with submission, i. Knowledge alone is insufficient. All a h told about the Jews that they knew Mu h ammad was a prophet in S u rah al-Baqarah, :. However, the Torah and Inj i l have been perverted textually after their meanings were perverted. Mu h ammad was sent to the entire world of humans and jinn.

The world here refers to the humans and jinns as in S u rah al-Furq a n 1 :. This means he Prophet Mu h ammad was sent to all humans—Arabs and non-Arabs—and to the entire jinn.

He is truthful in all what he conveys from All a h , so that they believe in the rules he brought and follow him. It is obligatory to believe our master Mu h ammad is truthful in all what he came with, whether the news of future happenings like the Hereafter, or the news of previous nations, or legitimizing a matter or forbidding it. What is meant by the two testifications is negating the status of Godhood for others and confirming it to All a h , the Exalted,.

This statement negates that anything other than All a h deserves to be worshipped; It also confirms All a h alone deserves to be worshipped. That is, while admitting and believing in the message of Mu h ammad. All a h , the Exalted, said in S u rah al-Fat h , 13 :. Likewise, this verse gives the meaning the one who believes in All a h and His Messenger and does not perform any of the obligations is not a blasphemer, and shall not be everlastingly in Hellfire.

Hence, this verse is explicit in judging a blasphemer one who does not believe in Mu h ammad. The one who denies this matter thereby denying the belief in Mu h ammad is a blasphemer.

The Muslim scholars hold the consensus on judging as blasphemer the one who does not embrace Isl a m ;. This means, anyone who embraces a religion other than Isl a m is a blasphemer.

The one who hesitates in judging someone as a blasphemer for not embracing Isl a m but instead embraces Judaism, Zoastrianism, or other is judged as a blasphemer. Know, with certitude, ones belief — Isl a m —is not valid and ones good deeds are not accepted without uttering the Testification of Faith by saying:. It is sufficient for the validity of ones Isl a m to utter once in a lifetime, however uttering it in every prayer it remains obligatory for the validity of the prayer; this is applicable to the non-Muslim who wants to embrace Isl a m ;.

Likewise if one utters what has the same meaning even in other than the Arabic language. For the validity of ones Isl a m ; this utterance suffices if done once in a lifetime; this is for the person who was not a Muslim and wanted to embrace Isl a m. After this one time, the utterance is obligatory in every prayer for the validity of the prayer.

Moreover, ones good deeds will not be acceptable by All a h without one being a believer. However, it is not conditional to utter the testification for the one who is raised a Muslim and believes in the two testifications; he or she is a Muslim even without utterance. The person who was raised a Muslim among Muslim parents, so long as he believes in the testification, is a believing Muslim, even if he did not utter the Testification of Faith until he dies; however he is an enormous sinner for failing to utter it after becoming pubescent.

The Prophet said All a h said:. The best and foremost obligation is believing in All a h and His Messenger. Some great scholars mentioned, the one who occupies himself with obligations instead of supererogatory acts is justified, where as the one who occupies himself with supererogatory acts instead of obligatory matters is deceiving himself. Performing the obligations make one more acceptable to All a h than performing supererogatory acts hence, give precedence to the obligations over the supererogatory acts of worship.

Indeed, the best of all deeds is believing in All a h and His Messenger. Believing, alone, no one is God except All a h is not sufficient unless it is joined with the belief that Mu h ammad is the Messenger of All a h. This shows the one who does not believe in All a h and His Messenger Mu h ammad is a blasphemer and All a h , the Exalted, does not love him for his blasphemy.

Such a person is told that All a h created all but does not love everyone. All a h created the Muslims and the blasphemers but does not love other than the Muslims. From this, it is understood the Malikies deem it obligatory for one to utter once the two testifications after puberty, because they do not require the utterance for the prayers.

This A yah means: And whoever chooses a religion other than Islam, it shall not be accepted from him, and in the hereafter he shall be one of the losers. The one who seeks a religion other than Islam , it will not be accepted form him by All a h.

The true religion to All a h is Islam. This does not mean what is other than Islam should not be called a religion, one may say the religion of the Jews, the majus, however, it is an invalid religion. It means, I am still adhereing to my true religion and you have your invalid religion that you need to quit.

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Sirat al-Mustaqim

Islamic Creed 5, Views. Praise be to All a h , the Lord of the Worlds, to Whom belongs the endowments and generosities and Whom we commend out of exaltation. Ar-Ra h m a n is one of the Names of All a h ; it means the One attributed with plenty of mercy for the believers and the blasphemers in this world and for the believers in the Hereafter. The name ar-Ra hi m is another name of All a h ; it means the One Who has plenty of mercy for the believers.

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In an Islamic context, it has been interpreted as the right path , has been variously translated as "The Middle Way" and as that which pleases God. There are five obligatory daily prayers in Islam. During every cycle of each prayer the following phrase is included:. This is part of the Surah Al-Fatiha. The Sirat-al-Mustaqim refers to the path of Islam which leads on to the path of success in the hereafter. It is said that if you do the Makruh things, you will not be punished, but if you avoid them, Allah will reward you. Innovations , on the other hand, are considered haram , or unlawful.

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