A foundational work for peacebuilders. Lederach comes out of the Mennonite tradition and writes within the Catholic tradition. His ideas, set out in this book, have become the basis for Catholic peacebuilding throughout the world. An exploration of the dynamic of conflict and presentation of a framework for peace building in which structure, process, resources, training and evaluation are coordinated in an attempt to transform the conflict and affect reconciliation. John Paul Lederach. A major work from a seminal figure in the field of conflict resolution, Building Peace is John Paul Lederach's definitive statement on peacebuilding.
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John Paul Lederach Lederach? E is an important author and practitioner in the fields of conflict transformation and peacebuilding. E in Oregon and Kansas. He received a B. He has authored, co-authored, and co-edited at least twelve books, plus numerous articles, monographs, and scholarly papers.
Much of his writing relates to his experiences as a trainer and supporter of peacemaking efforts around the world. First Book: Preparing for Peace.
Lederach definitively establishes his authority on cultural issues in conflict transformation and training in Preparing for Peace: Conflict Transformation across Cultures hereinafter Preparing for Peace.
Eto resolve conflict. E  Lederach compares and contrasts two approaches to cross-cultural training: prescriptive and elicitive. The primary resources in prescriptive training are the mediation model and the knowledge of the trainer.
Prescriptive training is content-oriented, and the participants? The trainer empowers the participants by teaching them new strategies for facing conflict. E  The elicitive approach, on the other hand, views training as the discovery and creation of conflict-resolution models.
The elicitive trainer, a catalyst and facilitator of the process of discovery and creation, empowers the participants by guiding them in the creation of their own conflict-resolution models. The participants? Eculture is the foundation of the models they create. E  Reasoning that most readers of his book will be more familiar with the prescriptive approach than the elicitive approach to training, Lederach completes the book by suggesting specific elicitive techniques.
His suggestions include 1 analyzing the participants? Euse of language and metaphors to describe conflict situations, 2 using storyboards of local conflicts as a method for developing conflict-resolution models, and 3 asking the participants to develop their own role plays based on situations arising in their local settings. Second Book: Building Peace.
In the post-Cold War era, Lederach observes, most armed conflicts are located in poor, developing parts of the world. Emeaning they are fought between groups located within the boundaries of one state, but other states are affected by opposition movements located within their states, refugees fleeing to their states, or weapons and other resources flowing from their states to the state where the conflict is located. Lederach begins constructing his conceptual framework for building peace by asserting that genuine peacebuilding is more than the post-conflict support of a peace agreement.
E  Relationships, Lederach asserts, are built through reconciliation, which balances four concepts: truth, mercy, justice, and peace. E  Justice seeks vindication of individual and group rights while advocating for restitution and social restructuring. Middle-range leaders e. Grassroots leaders e. Econcept, proposed by peace worker and theorist Maire Dugan, which views a specific incident of conflict as part of a relationship between the parties.
Their relationship, in turn, is part of a subsystem to which the parties belong, which in turn is part of a larger social system.
As an example, Lederach describes a situation in which armed gangs of young men in Mogadishu, Somalia carried guns for a variety of reasons, including supporting themselves financially.
Ethat provided jobs and accompanying social status to those gun-carrying youths. Ethat would provide the youth with marketable job skills and tools for entering their new trades.
The proposed solution included opportunities for the youth to interact with their counterparts from other clans, thereby improving their relationships with those other clan members. E  At the beginning of the continuum, conflict arises when people believe some type of injustice affects their lives and they decide to confront the injustice. Peacebuilding, Lederach asserts, is a process made up of interdependent roles, functions, and activities that accompany the conflict continuum on the road to social change and sustainable peace.
The second stage, preparation and training, involves short-range planning that takes one to two years. The third stage, design of social change, is akin to dispute-resolution system design and takes five to ten years. The fourth stage, desired future, involves articulating and planning for social change over decades. Having explained his two nested paradigms—one for locations and levels of conflict intervention and the other for time frames for peacebuilding activities—Lederach links the two in a matrix that creates an integrated framework for peacebuilding.
At a second intersection, peacemakers resolve immediate issues through crisis management. At a fourth intersection, peacemakers envision the distant future and the social changes necessary to build peaceful relationships between the conflicting parties. At the fifth intersection, peacemakers design the strategies necessary to transform the existing conflict to the desired future.
Peacebuilding, Lederach asserts, requires two types of resources: socioeconomic and sociocultural. Ewithin the conflict setting by using the cultural resources available in the setting. Resources are most effective when they are coordinated. Epeacemakers i. Because the integrated peacebuilding framework requires numerous and specific capacities e. In the final chapter of Building Peace, Lederach examines how to evaluate peacebuilding success or failure.
He concludes with suggestions about how those tools can be designed. Third Book: The Journey toward Reconciliation.
Peacebuilding work, Lederach relates, sometimes generates hostility in and against the presumed peacebuilder. While acting as an intermediary in a conflict in Central America in the s, Lederach suffered a kidnapping threat against his daughter, an experience that caused him, for the first time, to feel hatred for an enemy.
In addition to the threat against his daughter, within a single year, he was accused of being a Communist Sandinista spy, he received multiple assassination threats, he was called a dog of the CIA, and he was stoned.
He experienced hatred from his own heart, and he was the object of such hatred. He analyzes Biblical passages, particularly verse 10 of Psalm 85,  to explain and reiterate his belief that reconciliation is a journey toward a place where truth, mercy, justice and peace meet.
Such a journey, I believe, is the essence of the gospel.? The purpose is to heal and to reconcile people with each other and with God. We have been given the same ministry of reconciliation. E  VI. Fourth Book: Conflict Transformation. It emphasizes the importance of building right relationships and social structures through a radical respect for human rights and life.
It advocates nonviolence as a way of life and work.? E  Because his vocation is closely tied to his religious beliefs, he seeks language and perspectives that describe his work more accurately than the language and perspectives of conflict resolution.
E  The goals of conflict transformation include personal, relational, structural, and cultural changes. Transformation, which views an episode of conflict as an opportunity to address its epicenter,  negotiates both solutions to episodes of conflict and initiatives for social change.
E  While Lederach defines himself as a conflict transformer, he recognizes the value of conflict resolution. Disputes that require rapid, final solutions to problems, and where pre-dispute or post-resolution relationships are not involved, may be appropriate for conflict resolution. On the other hand, where past and future relationships are involved in episodes of conflict, Lederach prefers the transformative approach.
Fifth Book: From the Ground Up. Mennonite peacebuilding overseas is a relatively recent phenomenon, as Joseph S. E  remained the dominant Mennonite practice at the beginning of the twentieth century. Because of another practice known as nonresistance, which reflected a strong commitment to peace and nonviolence, Mennonites traditionally renounced violence as a way to protect themselves and their neighbors. Miller asserts that many Mennonites?
Eviews of their place in the world began to shift in the mid-twentieth century. During World War II, Mennonite conscientious objectors provided alternative service as firefighters, aides in mental health hospitals, and human subjects in medical research.
Their wartime service inspired them to become more involved in the world, and they prompted other Mennonites to contribute more substantially to domestic and international relief efforts. Over time, Mennonites began to focus on the root causes of violence, and they looked for ways to become involved in peacemaking. To many Mennonites, mediation and conciliation appeared to be activities that were consistent with Mennonite beliefs.
The next chapters of this book detail the peacebuilding activities of various Mennonite individuals and groups throughout the world. In two chapters, Lederach describes his activities in Central America, Somalia, and Somaliland, and he describes the evolution of his thinking about conflict transformation and peacebuilding.
Beginning in , he and his family spent more than six years in South Africa. In a chapter of this book, he describes his service there as a trainer in mediation and other conflict-resolution skills. Eactivities in that country from the s through the s. The activities included working with rural economic and development programs, supporting dependents of political prisoners, arranging for sabbaticals outside of South Africa for peace activists, providing conflict-resolution trainers, and funding specialized programs.
Since , Joseph Liechty and his family have lived in Ireland, home to only a small number of Mennonites.
In his chapter, Liechty describes a peacebuilding approach in Northern Ireland that focuses on establishing relationships and supporting peacemaking efforts of other churches and organizations, rather than building a Mennonite church and integrating that church into the local setting.
With the help of Paul Stucky, a colleague and native of the United States, he describes the numerous Justapaz initiatives in Colombia. Five months after she arrived in Mogadishu, the government collapsed. Thereafter, for over four years from a base in Nairobi, Kenya, she periodically visited Somalia. Her chapter  provides an excellent model for discovering and supporting indigenous methods of resolving conflicts and making peace.
Barry Hart describes the trauma-healing and reconciliation workshops he conducted in Liberia from to The CPT that Kern worked with in Hebron assisted Palestinians in driving a water truck past Israeli military checkpoints and in opening the gates of Hebron University that had been closed by the Israeli military. The last four chapters of this book, all written by non-Mennonites, provide useful evaluations of the Mennonites?
Einternational initiatives. Each chapter provides valuable reflections and insights. The following are highlights of each chapter: Sally Engle Merry, an anthropology professor at Wellesley College, identifies key terms that Mennonites use in describing their work i.
She identifies the key practices used in Mennonite peacemaking efforts i. Merry identifies Mennonites?
Building Peace: Sustainable Reconciliation in Divided Societies
John Paul Lederach Lederach? E is an important author and practitioner in the fields of conflict transformation and peacebuilding. E in Oregon and Kansas. He received a B. He has authored, co-authored, and co-edited at least twelve books, plus numerous articles, monographs, and scholarly papers. Much of his writing relates to his experiences as a trainer and supporter of peacemaking efforts around the world. First Book: Preparing for Peace.
John Paul Lederach
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Summary of "Building Peace"
He has written widely on conflict resolution and mediation. He holds a Ph. In he became the founding director for the Center for Justice and Peacebuilding at Eastern Mennonite University where he was a professor. Lederach was born in Indiana into the family of a local preacher, whom he was named after. He then pursued a Ph.
How can peacebuilding adapt to the realities and dilemmas posed by contemporary conflicts? This United States Institute of Peace Press publication argues that building peace requires a comprehensive approach. It provides strategic and practical suggestions to help establish an infrastructure for sustainable transformation and address the immediate and deep-rooted needs of divided societies. Peacebuilding faces systemic issues of how to deal with the production, transfer, and ready availability of weapons, which fuel and make possible an extraordinary level of armed violence. These are deep-rooted conflicts which pose two central questions: What conceptual framework is most useful for dealing with the structural and psychological nature of contemporary conflict?