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Log In Sign Up. Ignacio Lozano-Verduzco. Rolando Diaz-loving. In search of the keys to understand human behavior, he moved to Mexico City immediately after finishing high school, where he studied medicine whilst taking psychology and chemistry classes at the National Autonomous University of Mexico UNAM.
Finishing his years in medical school, he received a scholarship for post graduate studies at the University of Iowa, where he completed masters and doctoral studies in neuropsychiatry and psychology, being lectured by renowned psychiatrists such as Jacques Gottlieb and Paul Huston, eminent neurologists like Van Epps and Adolph Sahs, and pioneers in psychology such as Kenneth Spence, Kurt Lewin and Robert Sears.
In this stage, his publications centered on the conceptualization and operationalization of psychological variables rooted in culture, such is the case of his work on anthropo-cultural values, which served as the immediate successors of the historic-socio-cultural premises, which he postulates a decade later as the operationalization of culture through norms and believes.
Among his major contributions of this decade are requiring the definition of cultural concepts in a valid, reliable and culturally appropriate manner and the need for creating objective measuring instruments. He further aspires for a generalized interest in psychological research throughout cultures, which he urges using his own inquiries as examples and sets the stage for future indigenous psychologies through the discovery of idiosyncratic characteristics of the Mexican population.
Hence, the socio-culture can be defined as a system of thoughts and ideas that offer a hierarchy of habits, needs and values, and guide interpersonal relationships; they stipulate the type of cultural, interrelated premises norms, roles, etc. In other words, the wheres, the whens, the whos and the hows of behavior.
It becomes clear from his research that our behavior, development, attitudes, believes, values and our self in general, will depend on the socio-cultural context in which we grow and develop. In other words, the way we think, the things we think about, the way we relate to friends and strangers, our tastes and our way of life, are being formed as each and every one of us interacts with our parents, our families, our neighbors, our schoolmates and our environment.
The journey begins, with no doubt, with the historic-psycho-socio-cultural premises. In this way, social conduct is partially determined and directed depending of the level in which each person adopts and believes their cultural dictates. The second step, after specifying that the socio-cultural ecosystem serves as the ontological ground in which individuals learn the correct ways of interaction with their world, was the operationalization of the Mexican premises. A historic-socio-cultural premise is a simple or complex affirmation that provides a group with the base behind the logic of understanding and guiding their world.
After carrying out careful content analysis based on the obtained representations, the crucial role of the family in traditional Mexican culture became evident. The cultural traditions, values, believes and actions immerse in these premises indicate the correct way to behave in different interpersonal relationships. In sum, two prepositions describing the traditional Mexican family appear: the power and supremacy of the father, and the love and the absolute and necessary sacrifice of the mother.
Psychometric analysis of the answers given to the normative affirmation inventory, offer a variety of statistically robust, conceptually clear, and theatrically congruent factors. First of all, there is a central dimension of traditionalism named afilliative- obedience vs. This means, that children must always show their regard to their parents, who in return must protect and care for them.
It is worth saying that abnegation mirrors the belief that the group and its needs supersede those of individual. In other words, self-modification coping styles are preferred over self-affirmation as guides of interaction mechanisms. Lastly, the relevance of the status-quo and the cultural rigidness grows out of the acceptance of the role that men and women carry out in the family. The internalization of these premises produces abnegation, a cardinal trait in Mexican culture, which is sustained as true by Mexican men and women who believe that satisfying others needs is more important than satisfying their own.
With the same orientation, but with the objective of expanding knowledge on the psychology of the Mexican, he published a seminal paper in American Psychologist on this theme , in which he added a novel gender perspective in the context of the study of personality and culture. Besides leaving a clear theory on the psychology of the Mexican, to which he added the study of masses a and health b , he also re-interpreted and re-directed the research toward adapting psychology from a socio-cultural perspective.
However, his conjectures were summarized in the theoretical and methodological creation and delimitation of a new branch in psychology, Ethnopsychology In it, he reports longitudinal and cross-sectional data spanning 50 years on the processes of socialization and enculturation responsible for the maintenance of structures that work for the permanency of the socio-cultural premises.
In fact, he expands on the small effects that political, economic and social changes have had on the way Mexicans think and act when it comes to the realms of family, male-female interactions and the interaction of parents and their children. In fact, he had already begun an investigation on the impact of culture on cognitive, political and economic development.
Honoring his work and his life can only be done by continuing his work with the same insistence, creativity, passion, and accuracy. Avila, M. Estilo cognoscitivo perceptual en el preescolar mexicano [Perceptual and cognitive styles in preschool Mexicans]. Cedillos, M. Davidson, A. Cross cultural model testing: toward a solution of the etic emic dilemma. International Journal of Psychology, 11, 1, Culture and Family Planning, the acceptability of male contraception.
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Psiquis, 2, , Springfield College, Mass. El criterio de profundidad en psicoterapia [The role of deep analysis in psychotherapy]. Algunos aspectos operantes de la psicoterapia [Some operational aspects of psychotherapy]. Neurosis and the Mexican family structure.
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New York: Academic Press, Inc. A Mexican Psychology.
ISBN 13: 9789682449208
Psicologia del Mexicano